History helps us to gather knowledge
to know the write and wrong of life
by the past experience of our ancestors.Balasore is situated to
the north of Orissa located in the
south eastern part of the India
surround with (States) West Bengal
to the north, Andhra pradesh to the
south, Chhattisgrah & Jharkhand
west and the Bay of Bengal in her
There are many
records and epics about the naming
of balasore [Traditionally written
and heard]. The actual name of
Balasore is "Baneswar". It was the
capital of Demon king Baneswar.
Though there are no written proof or
records about it , but still people
believe on the saying records of our
ancestors. It is also said that the
"Baman" the holy birth taken by Lord
Vishnu asked king Mahabali for
trifeet (Tripada) gift. When he was
granted the gift by the king then
covered the whole land surfaces of
the world under his feet. So, there
was no place to go for king Bali's
son , king Bata as he had not right
on his father's property. He went to
Lord Varun (Sea) and asked for help
. Lord Varun gifted him a small plot
beside sea and king Bata canceled
the sea in his land, due to which it
got filled with enormous sand. So,
it was named as Balasore. From this
two records names "Baneswar and
Balasore" came into existence
and is called as "Balasore, the
city of sand on sea Shore"
|In the year
1563 AD a person named Coarser
Fredrick, wrote a book on Balasore.
Harbour during his voyage of trade
and commerce, at that time there
were five ports in Balasore.
1.Balasore, 2. Panchurakhi, 3.Cheda
Khaee , 4. Talapada and 5. Eenchudi.
Besides there were Baranga,
Barbatia,Baliapal and Madanta.
Road" or the "Grand Trank Road" goes
through Balasore district. It the
year 1827, king Sukumay sen built
the road from Ulubenia to Puri
through Balasore to make the journey
of pilgrims easy and peaceful.
At that period salt was one the
important source beside basmatic
rice for trade.
placesof Balasore are named ...
Mughal General Mirza Azim came here
to drive out the Nawab of Bengal
Kabhula Khan. He resided here for
Mansingh Bazar:- General
Mansingh of Emperor Akbar's court
came here and camped in these area
of Balasore . So it is named as
Bateswar:- 1. "Bateswar " is
the name of Lord Shira.
2. It is the birth place of Bengal's
famous poet Bamkim Chandra Chaterji.
3. Eminent poet Radhanath Roy
started his schooling from here.
Even he enlightened his litrercy
knowledge from this place. On the
plot of his house , a famous
Sanskrit College is situated at
Makalpur:- A lot of weaver
from Bengal came here and lived here
for many years. The niddle used for
weaving was called as "Makku" from
where the place was named as
Bairam Nagar:- Here the teacher of
Mugal Emperor Akbar Khan, Baba
Bairam Khan camped and nested.
Dingamadinga:- It is the
place where the Dutch came to
Balasore and lived.
Olonda Sahi:- The people from
Holland came here and lived.
Sunhat:- It is the place in
Balasore where Goldsmiths used to
sell their gold. Even today there
are many families of goldsmiths
residing in Sunhat which is the
Modification of Suna-hata.
Motiganj:- Motiganj Bazar was
situated by a famous Marhatta worker
of Local Laxmi Narayan Temple in the
northern part of the place named
Motiram Dadu. Suelpur,Motiganj and
Ragunath pur are named after God.
Great Men for
FAKIR MOHAN SENAPATI:- Fakir
Mohan was born in a poor family
of Mallikashpur in Balasore town
on 13th Jan 1843. he had lost
his (father and mother) parents
during his childhood. Later he
was nourished and educated by
his grand mother . He started
his schooling from his village
school. Due to poverty he
started teaching on a salary of
Rs 2.50 per month.
Day by day he became active and
popular all over. He was
appointed as a Headmaster of a
big school on a salary of Rs 10
At that time
,there was not a single Oriya
printed book except scripts on
palm leaves and ancient
mythology which were not
available to all students. As a
result the students were reading
either Parsi or Bnegali which
disheartened Fakir Mohan very
much. Hence, he started writing
2 to 3 oriya small books for the
importance of oriya language
which was appreciated by all.
During the period eminent
poet Radhanath Roy was a teacher
in Balasore Zilla school. Fakir
Mohan consituted a "Sahitya
Sabha" with Radhanath Roy ,
which discussed about the
necessity of writing more oriya
books and to publish it.
At that time there was no
printing press in Balasore.
Motivating some rich persons ,
Fakir Mohan established a
printing press and published one
monthly magazine named "Bodhdayini"
or "Balasore Sambad Bahini" of
whom he was the editor. The
first history book in oriya was
written by Fakir Mohan and
received award of Rs 1000 /-
from British Government.
On the advice of Beam Saheb
(Balasore Magistrate) Fakir
Mohan quitted his school service
and became the Dewan of Niligiri.
He was then transferred to
Dompada as Manager from Niligiri.
After wards he shouldered the
responsibillity of Gadjat
administration of Dhenkanal,
Dasapada and Keonjhar.
During imprisonment he
wrote some of his great novels
and poems like:- Mamu,Lachama,
Cha mann aotho Gunth, Rebati
RADHANATH ROY:- Radhanath
Roy is one of the eminent poet
of this century. He is also
known as "Kabibaro" by the
masses. He was born at kedarpur
in Soro of Balasore district. He
was born on 28th sep. 1848. His
father was Sri Sundra Naryan Roy
and his mother was Jarini Devi.
He lost his mother in his
boyhood. At the age of six he
started his primary schooling
and got admitted in Balasore
Zilla School at 10 years old.
Math's was his favorite subject.
At the age of sixteen he got
admission in primary college
Calcuttta (Kolkota), but due to
financial crisis he quitted his
study and joined Balasore Zilla
School as a teacher with the
salary Rs 30 /- per month.
Madhusudan Rao was one of his
student during his service at
Puri Zilla School . Both them
spent their time together
discussing literature. At this
time he translated Meghdoot.
While he was the deputy
inspector in Balasore district ,
Madhusudan was appointed as
school teacher. During this
period there was a crisis of
oriya literature books for the
students. In order to avoid the
crisis both of them wrote a
poetry book named "Kabita Balli"
which was been later included in
the courses of the studies for
the school students.
During 1891 Radhanath was
promoted to inspector and in
1896 he was felicitated as "Raibahadur"
by the Britishers. Radhanath Roy
retired during 1903 and left
this world on 16th April 1908.
Among the valuabe books he had
written are Meghdoot, Kedargouri,
Chandra Bhaga, Nandi Kesari,
Usha, Chilika, Durbar, Tulasi
Stabaka, Mahajatra etc.
JATIN:-"THE HEROES PUT THE
SANGUINARY MARK ON MOTHER'S
In this secluded field of
Balasore chash-Khand on the
banks of the Buri Balam,on
september 9,1915.The Great
Jatindranath mukhapadhyay (Bagha
Jatin) and his four young
followers dedicated to the cause
of Indian Freeedom struggle -
Chittapriya Roy Chowdhury,
Nirendra nath Das
Gupta,Monoranjan Sen Gupta and
Jitish pal.Fought a Fronatal
battle against the British
police and army and created a
new History of patriotism,
self- sacrifice on that day in
the battle field died "Chittapriya"
and next day in Balasore
Military hospital Jatindranath
succumbed to his serious in
juries.Nirendra and Manoranjan
sacrificed themselves on the
Gallwos in Balasore jail.Jatish
Pal sentenced life in
prisonment,went insane due to
severe torture in Andaman jail
.He died a premature death later
in Berahampore jail.This place
sanctified by oblation of blood
of Vive martyrs is known as "RAKTA-TIRTHA".People
visit the place and pay their
homage to Bagha Jatin and his
OF BRITISH IN BALASORE AND ITS
Balasore is regarded as a
harbour engaged in trading for
thousands of years. Before
British, Balasore was ruled by
Marhatta tribes. But the tribes
was defeated by the British
troops. On the order of Sir
Martin , two big ships covering
soldiers , weapons and
ammunition came to balasore
through the sea route of Bay of
Bengal. Britishers captured
Balasore on 21st sep.1803 and
was controlled by a deputy
Magistrate under the Cuttack
Dist. Magistrate. It was in1827
that Balasore got its official
Magistrate of Balasore was
"Henry Ricket". He was a famous
Magistrate who dug a canal
through niker Matas and Games to
help the people for to and fro.
The canal was named as Ricket
canal. In 1836, his wife died
and was buried Barabati Burial
Ground. In the same year he was
posted to the some other place
in abroad. The queen rewared him
the title "Sir" for his love and
dedication to his job to India.
He also proved some financial
help for the people of Orissa
when the region was suffering
from the dreaded feminine. In
the year 1886,Sir Ricket died.
But he was carried to Balasore
to be buried near his wife in
the same Barbati Burial Ground.
In the bottom of his Tomb, it is
"He had never forgotten
Balasore nor Orissa".
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